On November 22, 2005, Merkel became the first woman to head the government of Germany. Since then Won four consecutive general elections. With its ups and downs, it was criticized by many, but quietly accepted by others.
The German chancellor imprinted her stamp on the country and placed it at the head of Europe.
Angela Dorothea Kasner was born in Hamburg, in the Federal Republic of Germany, on July 17, 1954. But when she was a little girl, her father, a Lutheran pastor, decided to move to the German Democratic Republic (GDR), in the East. Germany, whose communist regime lived until the age of 35.
In Leipzig, the future politician studied physics (she received her doctorate in 1986 with a thesis on quantum physics).
Merkel took the last name of her first husband, Ulrich, whom she met in college and was married to from 1977 to 1982.
After the fall of the Berlin Wall in November 1989, Merkel joined the Democratic Awakening movement, which later partnered with the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and the German Social Federation to form the conservative alliance for Germany.
With the first free elections in East Germany, in March 1990, the leader of the CDU, Lothar de Maiziere, became head of government, and Merkel, who had been the mouthpiece of the small Democratic Awakening movement, became its spokesperson.
In August 1990, Merkel joined the Christian Democratic Union, an organization that later merged with its counterpart in the Federal Republic of Germany the day before the country’s reunification, which occurred on October 1, 1990.
In the first elections after reunification in December 1990, Merkel won a seat for Stralsund-Rugen-Gregen in the lower house of the German parliament, the so-called Bundestag.
In January 1991, Chancellor Helmut Kohl was appointed Minister for Women and Youth. In his position, the young politician became known as the “Cole Girl”. In the end, after achieving party leadership in 2000 and the position of chancellor in 2005, Merkel became the most powerful woman in the country, and eventually “the most powerful in the world”.
In the face of the recent global populist escalation, with Donald Trump In her head, some have come to describe her as the leader of the free world.
“Strength in calm”
This is their motto. The German chancellor has a sober, predictable and disciplined style.
Some even say that he is boring and lacks charisma, but in politics many Germans see this as an advantage and a guarantee of stability.
That calm wasn’t broken when in 2019 he started to suffer some Weird orgasms in publicWhich was repeated on two other occasions, raising concerns for his health.
Some blame Merkel for being passive or lacking in vision or risky initiatives to implement in European Union, although there were times when he was surprised by decisions that went beyond his conservative personality.
On October 29, 2018, the chancellor announced her retirement from politics. She is the first outgoing female chancellor since 1949 not to run for re-election.
Despite her long tenure in office, Merkel is leaving with favorable acceptance rates, not only in Germany, but in the world as a whole. According to different surveys.
These are some of the key moments of his government:
Waiting for the elections
It is not clear who will win the election at that time The end of the Merkel era.
The two traditional political formations, the Christian Democrats and the Social Democrats, are very close in opinion polls, with a slight advantage for the Social Democrats, whose leader Olaf Schulz has made better use of the Germans’ concerns, compared to the leader of the CDU, Armin Laschet.
Ironically, Schultz, an opponent, sought political gain by trying to portray himself as the heir to the legacy of Merkel, described by some as an undercover Social Democrat.
In third place comes the Green Party, whose numbers plummeted after the last elections that looked set to become the number one political force.
There is speculation about several possibilities, in addition to the traditional alliance between the SPD and the CDU, which this time seems unlikely due to the decreasing numbers, including the possibility of forming a coalition of more than two parties for the first time to rule the party. country.
Merkel has not revealed what she will do from now on, although there is speculation that will put her at the head of the European Council and others in the private sector.
Merkel is known in Germany as “Muti”, meaning mother. During his tenure, there have been three presidents in the United States, four in France, and five prime ministers in the United Kingdom, all of whom are men (except for Theresa May, who headed the British government between 2016 and 2019).
His absence will certainly be noticeable in the early years. It has had a permanent presence in international politics over the past decade and a half.